Der Titelverteidiger gewann das Viertelfinal-Hinspiel bei Juventus Turin () und verschaffte sich damit eine hervorragende Ausgangsposition für das. Real Madrid · G. Bale 40' · M. Asensio 47', 56'. Beendet. 0. 3. -. 1. 0. FedEx Field. Juventus Turin · D. Carvajal 13' (ET). International Champions. Apr. Im Lostopf befinden sich neben Real Madrid auch Liverpool, AS Rom und der FC Bayern. Real Madrid - Juventus Turin () Mandzukic. It is home to what is regarded casino catalogue one of the largest collections of Egyptian antiquities android anmelden of Egypt. Its architecture stands in the main sight Beste Spielothek in Michlbach finden the city, as characterised Beste Spielothek in Grasbach finden four large towers — 27 metres 89 feet high — topped by four onion-shaped domes. As for Game of Thrones Online Slot for Real Money - Rizk Casino old residential buildings of the area, this part of Aurora hosts the oldest public housing block of the city, built by Istituto Autonomo Case Popolari IACP in in slot dye coating of an old dilapidated small farm once known as Chiabotto delle Merle. Retrieved 13 November The first Italian cinema screening occurred in Turin in March Another big avenue, which border the district on its East, is Corso Principe Oddonecasino club garupa in the past was along the railway to Milan. By this time, Turin had grown toinhabitants. Municipalidad de Rosario — Buenos Aires A literary centre for many centuries, Turin began to attract writers only after the establishment of the court of the Dukes of Savoy. The architect Merkur games Juvarra began a major redesign of the city; Turin had about 90, inhabitants at the time. This street also hosts the Egyptian Museum of Turinhome to what is regarded as one Beste Spielothek in Umberg finden the largest collections of Egyptian antiquities outside of Egypt. European Capitals of Sport. Close to this site, the 51,square-metre ,square-foot Piazza della Repubblica plays host to the biggest open market in Europe, locally known as mercato di Porta Palazzo Porta Palazzo or Porta Pila are the historical and local names of this area.
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These blocks were built into a reticular system, composed by austere buildings in clear rationalist style, such as the impressive Hotel Principi di Piemonte and the former Hotel Nazionale in Piazza CLN.
Porches are built in a continuous entablature and marked with double columns, to be consistent with those of Piazza San Carlo.
The section of the street between Piazza San Carlo and Piazza Castello was built in eclectic style, with arcades characterised by Serliana -type arches.
To this day Via Roma is the street featuring the most fashionable boutiques of the city. Via Roma crosses one of the main squares of the city: On the northern edge of Via Roma stands Piazza Castello , regarded as the heart of the city.
The half-pedestrianized square hosts some significant buildings such as Palazzo Reale Former Savoy Royal House , the Palazzo Madama which previously hosted the Savoy senate and, for few years, the Italian senate after Italian unification , the former Baroque Teatro Regio di Torino rebuilt in modern style in the s, after being destroyed by fire and the Royal Library of Turin which hosts the Leonardo da Vinci self-portrait.
Moreover, Piazza Castello hosts a Fascist era building, the Torre Littoria , a sort of skyscraper which was supposed to become the headquarters of the Fascist party, although it never served as such.
The building's style is quite different from the Baroque style of Piazza Castello. The square regularly hosts the main open space events of the city, live concerts included.
As for the southern part of the street, Via Roma ends in Piazza Carlo Felice and in its Giardino Sambuy , a wide fenced garden right in the middle of the square.
The passengers building was renovated to host a shopping mall and more efficient passenger service offices. However, it is still an example of monumental architecture, with its stately foyer and some Baroque sights, such as the Sala Reale the former Royal waiting room.
In Piazza Castello converge some of the main streets of the city centre. Piazza Vittorio features the most fashionable bars and not far from here, along the Po riverfront, the Murazzi quays used to host several bars and nightclubs open till the morning until a few years ago.
Their recent pedestrianisation has improved their original commercial vocation. In particular, Via Lagrange has recently increased the presence of luxury boutiques.
This street also hosts the Egyptian Museum of Turin , home to what is regarded as one of the largest collections of Egyptian antiquities outside of Egypt.
Via Lagrange and Via Carlo Alberto cross two significant squares of the city, respectively. The square also features the Teatro Carignano , a well-conserved Baroque theatre.
On the other side stands the monumental Biblioteca Nazionale National Library. Not far from Via Po stands the symbol of Turin, namely the Mole Antonelliana , so named after the architect who built it, Alessandro Antonelli.
Construction began in as a Jewish synagogue. Nowadays it houses the National Museum of Cinema and it is believed to be the tallest museum in the world at metres feet.
The building is depicted on the Italian 2-cent coin. It was built during — and is adjacent to an earlier bell tower Annexed to the cathedral is the Chapel of the Holy Shroud , the current resting place of the Shroud of Turin.
The Chapel was added to the structure in —, designed by Guarini. The Basilica of Corpus Domini was built to celebrate an alleged miracle which took place during the sack of the city in , when a soldier was carrying off a monstrance containing the Blessed Sacrament ; the monstrance fell to the ground, while the host remained suspended in air.
The present church, erected in to replace the original chapel which stood on the spot, is the work of Ascanio Vitozzi.
Next to the Turin Cathedral stand the Palatine Towers , an ancient Roman -medieval structure that served as one of four Roman city gates along the city walls of Turin.
This gate allowed access from north to the cardo maximus , the typical second main street of a Roman town. The Palatine Towers are among the best preserved Roman remains in northern Italy.
Close to this site, the 51,square-metre ,square-foot Piazza della Repubblica plays host to the biggest open market in Europe, locally known as mercato di Porta Palazzo Porta Palazzo or Porta Pila are the historical and local names of this area.
West of the Porte Palatine stands the Quadrilatero Romano Roman Quadrilateral , the old medieval district recently renewed.
The current neighbourhood is characterised by its tiny streets and its several medieval buildings and today it is popular for its aperitivo bars and its small shops run by local artisans.
The hub of the Quadrilatero is Piazza Emanuele Filiberto. South of the Quadrilatero Romano stands Via Garibaldi , another popular street of the city.
Large Piazza Statuto is another example of Baroque square with arcades. The new and larger passengers building is situated between Corso Bolzano and Corso Inghilterra and is an example of contemporary architecture, being a metre-long foot and metre-high foot glass and steel structure.
Porta Susa is currently the international central station of the city high speed trains to Paris and it is becoming the central hub of railway transportation of the city, being the station in which local trains so-called Ferrovie Metropolitane , national trains and high-speed national and international trains converge.
What remains of the old medieval and modern fortress of the city, it is a starting point for a tour into the old underground tunnels below the city.
Southeast of the city centre stands San Salvario district, which extends from Corso Vittorio Emanuele II to Corso Bramante and is delimited by the Turin-Genoa railway on the west side and by the Po river on the east side.
Home to an increasing immigrants' community, the district is an example of integration among different cultures; it also features an incremented nightlife after the opening of several low-cost bars and restaurants.
San Salvario is crossed by two main roads, Via Nizza and Via Madama Cristina , and just as the city centre it is characterized by the grid plan typical of Turin's old neighbourhoods.
The hub of the district is Piazza Madama Cristina which hosts a big open market, while several commercial activities flourish around it.
The celebrated Parco del Valentino is situated in the east side of San Salvario and, albeit not in downtown, it represents kind of central park of Turin.
Thanks to the vicinity to the city centre, the park is very popular among the local people, during the day but also at night, because of the several bars and nightclubs placed here.
From the terraces of Parco del Valentino, many sights of the hills on the other side of the river can be appreciated.
In the centre of the park stands the Castello del Valentino , built in the 17th century. This castle has a horseshoe shape, with four rectangular towers, one at each angle, and a wide inner court with a marble pavement.
The ceilings of the false upper floors are in transalpino i. Another cluster of buildings in the park is the Borgo Medievale Medieval village , a replica of medieval mountain castles of Piedmont and Aosta Valley, built for the International Exhibition.
Other buildings in Corso Massimo d'Azeglio include the Torino Esposizioni complex Turin's exhibition hall built in the s featuring a monumental entrance with a large full height porch, the circular building which hosts a night club, and the Teatro Nuovo , a theatre mostly focused on ballets exhibitions.
Another building is the largest synagogue of the city, located in Piazzetta Primo Levi square. Its architecture stands in the main sight of the city, as characterised by four large towers — 27 metres 89 feet high — topped by four onion-shaped domes.
South of Centro stands the Crocetta district, considered one of the most exclusive districts of the city, because of highly rated residential buildings.
At the heart of the district is the partially pedestrianized area crossed by Corso Trieste , Corso Trento and Corso Duca D'Aosta , plenty of some notable residential buildings in eclectic, neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau style.
The area was built between and replacing the old parade ground , which was moved in the Southern part of the city.
Next to the Museum, another significant residential building previously hosted the head office of Juventus , one of the two main Turin football clubs.
The building, a ,square-metre 1,,square-foot complex, hosts approximately 30, students and is considered one of the major Institutes of Technology of the country — mainly due to the vocation of the city for the industrialization, pushed by the automotive sector.
This institute recently expanded in the western district of Cenisia with additional modern buildings. These avenues feature long rows of trees, symbolic of Turin's typical urbanity.
However, the most popular avenue is Corso De Gasperi , which, albeit smaller than other avenues of the district, hosts one of the most fashionable open markets of the city, the so-called Mercato della Crocetta , in which it is possible to find some discounted branded clothing among the more popular ones.
The Western border of Crocetta is instead an example of contemporary architecture. The huge avenue, made up of Corso Mediterraneo and Corso Castelfidardo , is part of Spina Centrale boulevard and was recently built over the old railway now undergrounded: The East side of the district is also known as Borgo San Secondo and was so named after the church of the same name standing in Via San Secondo , a major street in the neighbourhood.
This area is located near Porta Nuova railway station and is actually older than the rest of the district, featuring several apartment buildings from the late 19th century, to include the birthplace and home of author Primo Levi on Corso Re Umberto.
The market square also hosts the former washhouse and public baths of the neighbourhood, among the oldest examples of their kind in Turin One of the main thoroughfares crossing Borgo San Secondo is Via Sacchi , which serves as an ideal gate to the city centre: South of Via Sacchi , Ospedale Mauriziano is one of the ancient and major hospitals of the city.
Going further southwards, it is possible to appreciate an interesting residential cluster of old public housing gravitating around Via Arquata.
The expansion was possible after under-grounding the railway under Corso Castelfidardo and the subsequent disposal of the old buildings dedicated to the train maintenance present in this area so called Officine Grandi Riparazioni or OGR.
Politecnico expanded its facilities through two huge overpass buildings over the avenue, linked to new buildings on the west side.
This cluster of buildings forms an evocative square with a unique architectural style. Politecnico area extends till Via Boggio with further facilities hosted in the former OGR facilities.
The Institute plans to further build new facilities in the current parking area. North of Politecnico facilities, the main building of the OGR former cluster, which consists in three meters long joint parallel buildings, became recently a big open space which hosts temporary exhibitions and during the hot seasons, its external spaces became a fashionable site to have a typical Italian aperitivo.
The complex was built between and during the reign of Victor Emmanuel II. After being disposed of during the s, the complex was changed into a museum and it is possible to visit its facilities.
An example of contemporary art is the heating plant in Corso Ferrucci , which has been covered with aluminium panels. Another building 19th century , now abandoned, is the former Westinghouse factory of train brakes situated in Via Borsellino.
The remaining part of the district is mainly formed by residential buildings with not significant architectural value. The district had its development mainly after the World War II, following the industrial development of the town — in particular, the expansion of Lancia automotive factories in the Borgo San Paolo neighbourhood, culminated in the construction of Palazzo Lancia in , the company's former headquarters.
Industrialization led to consequent population growth in the nearby areas, including Cenisia. Main avenues which are crossing the district are Corso Ferrucci and Corso Racconigi.
This last one is hosting a huge daily open market, the Mercato di Corso Racconigi. This small triangle surrounded by Corso Vittorio Emanuele II , Corso Francia and Corso Inghilterra hosts some high rated residential buildings and is regarded as a prestigious residential neighbourhood by local people.
Among them, one of the most impressive and well-known is the Casa Della Vittoria architect Gottardo Gussoni.
Another notable example is Casa Fenoglio-Lafleur. Both buildings face Corso Francia. The district is well known for its commercial vocation mainly in its two main streets, Via Duchessa Jolanda and Via Principi d'Acaja , ideally crossing each other among the gardens Giardino Luigi Martini , locally called Piazza Benefica , which hosts a popular open market.
The district is also characterised by two massive recent buildings: It was populated since the medieval era, but becomes bigger during the 19th century, prospering around the canal Canale di San Donato , which does not exist any more, currently replaced by the central street of the district, Via San Donato.
The conservation of the street and of this old building influences the straightness of Via San Donato , which makes a slight curve to result in parallel with Via Pacinotti before ending in central Piazza Statuto square.
Main church of the district is the Chiesa di Nostra Signora del Suffragio e Santa Zita , which with its 83 metres feet height of its bell tower, is well known to be the fifth tallest structure in the city of Turin, after the Mole Antonelliana , the Intesa-Sanpaolo skyscraper , the Torre Littoria and the two pennons of the Juventus Stadium.
The legend says, that he wanted to build the tallest bell tower of the town and put a clock on the top, to all the poor people to know the time for free.
The small building near the church, is what remains of Casa Tartaglino , a small residential building which was also extended and modified by Faa di Bruno.
Villino Cibrario in Via Saccarelli is another significant building designed by Barnaba Panizza in The building was equipped with a large garden which was eliminated to host the street.
The neighbourhood has a high concentration of historic buildings in Art Nouveau style designed by architect Pietro Fenoglio among the others, the prestigious Villino Raby in Corso Francia 8.
Among the modern buildings of the district, the most significant one is of course the Torre BBPR Tower which took the name from the architecture office who designed it.
The building is representing the post-rationalism Italian architecture same style of the better known Torre Velasca tower in the city of Milan.
Tower is facing the central Piazza Statuto square. District is crossed by some significant avenues: Also on Corso Svizzer a, stands one of the oldest hospitals of the city, the Ospedale Amedeo di Savoia , specialised in infectious diseases.
Other major avenues are Corso Umbria and Corso Tassoni. Another big avenue, which border the district on its East, is Corso Principe Oddone , which in the past was along the railway to Milan.
Currently the railway has been under-grounded: Northern part of the district was part of the former industrial district of Turin, recently reconverted to a park called Parco Dora.
Differently for other portions of Parco Dora , this part has been totally reconverted to park without letting any evidence of the industrial area except for the cooling tower which stands along Corso Umbria and became a symbol of the park.
Works are completed in the western area, where Corso Mortara has been closed to traffic and moved just a bit northern and covered by an artificial tunnel.
It is possible to access the southern shore of the Dora river. South of the Park, an interesting architecture of different levels is hosting a new shopping mall called Centro Commerciale Parco Dora.
East of Via Livorno , works are still partially in progress, with the Dora river still to be uncovered by a big slab, on which the FIAT plants used to stand.
West of Via Livorno , the Environment Park is a research centre for renewable energy. Aurora is one of the most ancient districts which developed out of the medieval city walls , north of the historical city centre.
It stretches from downtown northern boundaries in Corso Regina Margherita an extended and important thoroughfare of Turin up to Corso Vigevano and Corso Novara in the North Side namely the old excise boundary till the early 20th century ; the western boundary is Corso Principe Oddone now part of the Spina Centrale boulevard and the eastern border is the Dora river.
The district was named Aurora after the so-called cascina Aurora , an old farmstead lying north of the Dora river, right at the intersection between Corso Giulio Cesare and Corso Emilia.
The farmstead has long been demolished and the area has been converted to office buildings, hosting the Turinese textile company Gruppo Finanziario Tessile GFT headquarters until the early 21st century.
Borgo Dora hosts several remarkable places, such as: Piccola Casa della Divina Provvidenza "Little House of the Divine Providence" , also known as Cottolengo , a well-known charitable organization which has been operating for almost years in the city; Arsenale della Pace "Arsenal of Peace" , a former weapons factory that currently hosts the headquarters of SERMIG Servizio Missionario Giovani , a nonprofit association which assists poor and homeless people; Caserma Cavalli "Cavalli Barracks" , one of the most representative buildings of the district, a former barracks topped by a clock tower which now hosts Scuola Holden , a storytelling and performing arts school; the evocative Cortile del Maglio "Mallet Courtyard" , a covered pedestrian area featuring bars and clubs.
Across from Cortile del Maglio and Arsenale della Pace stands a wide pedestrian area which features a hot air balloon , a clear allusion to the neighbourhood's old name Balon: The building has replaced the Clothes Market , one of the four covered pavilions of Porta Palazzo market, but unfortunately this glass green-shaded building has been highly criticized because of its lack of usability for commercial activities, albeit an example of contemporary architecture.
Another interesting building at the borders of the neighbourhood is Porta Milano a. To this day, the station is no longer in use as well as the rails up to Piazza Baldissera.
The station building was recently renovated and now hosts some old locomotives, even though it is not open to the public.
Unfortunately, the old rails crossing the district are totally disused and neglected, adding decay to the whole area. Borgo Dora, as many other pockets of Aurora, is characterized by the marked multi-ethnicity of its population, being home to a large community of immigrants from emerging countries.
This neighbourhood hosts the significant architecture of Santuario di Maria Ausiliatrice "Maria Ausiliatrice Sanctuary" in the homonymous square and behind the church stands San Pietro in Vincoli old cemetery.
Overall, the main thoroughfares of the West side of Aurora are Via Cigna , which crosses the district from North to South, Corso Vercelli , a historical avenue starting north of the Dora river, and Corso Principe Oddone , part of the long Spina Centrale boulevard that will be built over the undergrounded Turin-Milan railway.
However, the Spina Centrale project is proceeding slowly because of the lack of funds and the boulevard is still occupied by a large worksite along its span.
Once completed, Aurora district will be connected to Eastern San Donato , thanks to a better connection among the roads of the two adjacent districts i.
As for the rest of Aurora, the district is crossed by an important thoroughfare named Corso Giulio Cesare , a long boulevard that extends from Porta Palazzo up to Turin-Trieste motorway entrance in the Northern urban fringe of Turin.
Albeit not a road, the Dora river is also a significant element for the whole district, since it completely crosses it from West to East.
The area north of the river features a mix of old residential buildings and remains of former factories and facilities from the 20th century.
Another disused facility is Astanteria Martini "Martini Emergency Department" in Via Cigna, a former emergency department from the s which has been lying vacant since long.
As for the old residential buildings of the area, this part of Aurora hosts the oldest public housing block of the city, built by Istituto Autonomo Case Popolari IACP in in lieu of an old dilapidated small farm once known as Chiabotto delle Merle.
Despite its run down look, the famous Lavazza coffee company, along with IAAD School of Design, chose this part of the city as the location for their new headquarters, which will be built in a contemporary building dubbed Nuvola "Cloud" right at the borders of Borgo Rossini.
Designed by the architect Gino Zucchi, this project is still a work in progress but excavations in the area revealed the remains of a medieval cemetery and an early Christian basilica; these findings will be preserved and will be shown to the public.
Borgo Rossini hosts a number of businesses, for instance the Robe di Kappa flagship store Kappa is a noted Italian sportswear brand founded in Turin and the Cineporto "Cineport" a.
Borgo Vanchiglia is the historical district: The district is quite popular nowadays because being quite closer to the heart of Turin nightlife Piazza Vittorio Veneto, many bars and restaurants opened recently in this area.
However, Vanchiglia also includes the area called Vanchiglietta , north of Borgo Vanchiglia. A notable and unusual building in the area is the so-called "Fetta di Polenta" literally: This building is located at the intersection of Corso San Maurizio and Via Giulia di Barolo , and it is one of the most peculiar examples of Turin architecture: It was designed in by Alessandro Antonelli for his wife, Francesca Scaccabarozzi, probably because of a bet.
The curious name comes from the shape of the palace, which resembles a "slice of polenta", and also because it is painted with an ocher color.
In the surroundings, in Via Vanchiglia 8 , although in downtown and not really in Vanchiglia anymore there is another trapezoid house, albeit with less extreme design: Other notable buildings are the town public baths, eclectic building built in Corso Regina Margherita crossing Via Vanchiglia , and the Teatro della Caduta theatre, opened in in Via Michele Buniva 23 , which with its 45 seats is the smallest theater in Turin and among the smallest theatres in Europe.
In Corso Regina Margherita, another notable building is the former Opera pia Reynero , a charitable organization. The building was built in Being abandoned for a long time after it closed in , it was then occupied by the Askatasuna Social Center, a non-profit anarchic organization, hosting since then various activities such as concerts, dinners, seminars and homeless solidarity initiatives.
North of Corso Regina Margherita , district is losing the flavour and architecture typical of Turin downtown, cause a significant portion of the district was formerly occupied by factories, nowadays partially abandoned or replaced by modern buildings.
A significant example was the area occupied by gas companies between Corso Regina Margherita and the Dora river, which were partially demolished to make place to the new modern Faculty of Law building Campus "Luigi Einaudi" , designed by the architect Norman Foster.
This building was classified by the American television company CNN among the 10 most spectacular university buildings in the world.
The area hosts also a student campus. Next to the campus, a new cycling and pedestrian bridge on the Dora river was opened on 16 April , linking the campus area to Corso Verona.
Bridge is entitled to the architect Franco Mellano. Parco Colletta is a big park area touched by the two rivers of the district, which also hosts some sport facilities, mainly football fields and a swimming pool.
District is completed by the Cimitero Monumentale cemetery. This huge complex formerly known as Cimitero Generale is the largest cemetery in Turin, and among the first in Italy for the number of buried people over , It is located close to the Colletta park.
The ancient part of the cemetery rises from the main entrance of Corso Novara with his octagonal shape.
Over the years there have been subsequent extensions of the central historical body in the direction of the Colletta park. In the cemetery there is a crematory temple built in , the second largest in Italy after that of Milan one.
The Santuario della Consolata , a sanctuary much frequented by pilgrims, stands on the site of the 10th-century Monastery of St.
Andrew, and is a work by Guarini. It was sumptuously restored in Outside the city are: In the hills overlooking the city, the Basilica of Superga provides a view of Turin against a backdrop of the snow-capped Alps.
The basilica holds the tombs of many of the dukes of Savoy, as well as many of the kings of Sardinia. Superga can be reached by means of the Superga Rack Railway from Sassi suburb.
The Basilica of Superga was built by Amadeus II of Savoy as an ex voto for the liberation of Turin , and served as a royal mausoleum since The most popular park in the city is Parco del Valentino.
In , during the celebrations of Italia61 Italian unification centenary , an important international exhibition FLOR Flowers of the world in Turin took place in the park with exhibitors from 19 countries.
For the occasion the plan for the new lighting of the park, along with its fountains and paths, was assigned to Guido Chiarelli, the head engineer at the city hall.
Around the city, there are several other parks, such as La Mandria Regional Park and the Parco della Palazzina di Caccia di Stupinigi , once hunting grounds of the Savoy, and those situated on the hill of Turin.
Many parks are smaller, located in the various districts: In the early s, mayor Amedeo Peyron had the first garden in Italy with games for children inaugurated.
According to a Legambiente report from , Turin is the first Italian city as far as structures and policies on childcare are concerned.
The park is located in Parella suburb Turin's West Side and it plays host to various concerts in summer.
As the Savoy family refused to allow her to be buried next to her husband in the Pantheon , her children had a mausoleum built for her in a similar form and on a smaller scale in Turin, next to the road to the Castello di Mirafiori.
The circular copper-domed neoclassical monument, surmounted by a Latin cross and surrounded by a large park, was designed by Angelo Dimezzi and completed in In , the city proper had a population of about ,, which is a significant increase on the census figure.
This result is due to a growing immigration from Southern Italy and abroad. Around 18 per cent of the population is under 20 years of age, while 22 per cent is over The median age is Turin is a major automotive and aerospace centre, home of Fiat Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino; Turin Italian Automobiles Factory , part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles group, the sixth largest automotive company in the world.
In addition to the 17th-century Royal Palace , built for Madama Reale Christine Marie of France the official residence of the Savoys until there are many palaces, residences and castles in the city centre and in the surrounding towns.
In recent years, Turin has become an increasingly popular tourist destination, ranking rd in the world and 10th in Italy in , with about , international arrivals.
It is home to what is regarded as one of the largest collections of Egyptian antiquities outside of Egypt.
In it received more than , visitors. The city is home to the well-known Shroud of Turin: It is kept in the royal chapel of the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist in the city centre.
The origins of the shroud and its image are still the subject of intense debate among scientists, theologians, historians and researchers.
It is popularly believed to be a depiction of Jesus Christ , however this matter is still controversial, as there seems to be a sufficient amount of historical and scientific evidence supporting the idea that it is, or is not, the Holy Face of Jesus.
Nonetheless, it is a symbol of religious devotion and is one of the city's main symbols and tourist attractions. After it had been little more than a town for a long time, in the Duke Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy made Turin the capital of his domains.
The Duke had ambition to transform the city into a major artistic and cultural capital, and in the following centuries numerous artists were to work at the Savoy court, especially architects and planners like Carlo di Castellamonte and his son Amedeo , Guarino Guarini and, in the 18th century, Filippo Juvarra and Benedetto Alfieri.
As for the painting and the visual arts, Turin became a point of reference, especially in the 20th century. In those years there was a strong artistic influence of designer Armando Testa.
Artists currently operating in the city include Ugo Nespolo and Carol Rama. It burned down in and was rebuilt after WW II.
A literary centre for many centuries, Turin began to attract writers only after the establishment of the court of the Dukes of Savoy. One of the most famous writers of the 17th century was Giambattista Marino , which in moved to the court of Charles Emmanuel I.
Marino suffered an assassination attempt by a rival, Gaspare Murtola , and was later imprisoned for a year because of gossip that he had said and written against the duke.
Perhaps, because of this, in Marino left Turin and moved to France. In the next century Torino hosted the poet Vittorio Alfieri from Asti for a while.
The situation was very different in the 19th century, especially since the city became a point of reference for Italian unification and, subsequently, the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
Indeed, in those years Tommaseo, Settembrini and John Meadows resided in the city. A major literary and cultural woman of that time was Olimpia Savio.
Baricco was also among the founders of the Scuola Holden , dedicated to writing techniques teaching. In the local Piedmontese language has a literary tradition, with names such as Nicoletto da Torino , Ignas Isler , author of epic poems, and Eduard Calv.
The International Book Fair is one of the most important fairs of its kind in Europe. Turin is home to one of Italy's principal national newspapers, La Stampa , and the sports daily newspaper Tuttosport.
RAI has had a production centre in Turin since The city has a rich sporting heritage as the home to two historically significant football teams: Juventus has the larger fan base, especially all over Italy and worldwide, while Torino enjoys a greater support in the city itself.
The two clubs contest the oldest derby in Italy, the Derby della Mole or the Turin derby. Juventus is Italy's most successful football club and one of the most laureated in the world.
This was the first time the city hosted a seasonal UEFA club competition's single-match final. In , in the Superga air disaster , a plane carrying almost the whole team crashed into the Basilica of Superga in the Turin hills.
Its advantages included an open and sunny position, in addition to being close to other buildings where the court met. This building, disparagingly known as Pasta con Tonno English: Pasta with tuna because of its architecture, was later replaced by the grand Ducal Palace.
Thus the old Bishop's Palace became the seat of power and was greatly expanded by Emmanuel Philibert to house his ever-growing collection of art, animals, marbles, and furniture.
In celebration of the joint marriages of his daughters Princess Margaret and Princess Isabella in , Charles Emmanuel I commissioned the construction of a ring of porches topped off by an open gallery.
Their marriage took place in Paris at the Louvre in Victor Amadeus I succeeded to the Duchy of Savoy in His wife set the tone for Victor Amadeus I's reign.
Christine Marie had the court moved from the ducal palace in Turin to the Castello del Valentino , which at that time, was on the outskirts of the small capital.
Christine Marie became the regent of Savoy after the death of her husband in on behalf of her two sons, who succeeded as Dukes of Savoy.
During the reign of Victor Amadeus II, the Daniel gallery was created and named after Daniel Seiter , who painted the lavish murals seen there.
Victor Amadeus II also had a collection of summer apartments built to look onto the court and a winter apartment overlooking the gardens.
Louis XV 's mother and aunt were born in the palace in and , respectively. The Chapel of the Holy Shroud, the current resting place of the Shroud of Turin , was added to the structure in The palace once again saw some life with the redecoration of some of its rooms.
Its rooms are decorated with rich tapestries and a collection of Chinese and Japanese vases. The Royal Armoury houses an extensive array of arms, including examples from the 16th and 17th centuries.
The palace houses the Scala delle Forbici, a staircase by Filippo Juvarra. The Chapel of the Holy Shroud, with its spiral dome, was built in the west wing of the palace, joining the apse a semicircular recess of the Cathedral of St.
John the Baptist , to house the famous Shroud of Turin , which belonged to the family from until The royal gates of the palace have a golden Medusa symbol embossed on them, in order to fend off intruders.
Anna Caterina Gilli was active as a decorative painter at the palace. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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